HISTORY

 

HISTORY OF PODIYATTUPARA MAHADEVA TEMPLE

Shiva (Śiva; /ˈʃɪvə/ About this sound listen (help·info) meaning “The Auspicious One”), also known as Mahadeva, Mahesh (“Great God”) or Bholenath (“Simple Lord”), is a popular Hindu deity and considered as the Supreme God within Shaivism, one of the three most influential denominations in Hinduism.[1][2] Shiva is regarded as one of the primary forms of God, such as one of the five primary forms of God in the Smarta tradition,[1] and “the Destroyer” or “the Transformer”[3] among the Trimurti, the Hindu Trinity of the primary aspects of the divine. Shiva is also regarded as the patron god of yoga and arts.[4][5][6]

Shiva is usually worshiped in the aniconic form of Lingam.[7][8][9] Shiva of the highest level is limitless, transcendent, unchanging and formless.[10][11][12][13][14] However, Shiva also has many benevolent and fearsome forms.[15] In benevolent aspects, he is depicted as an omniscient Yogi who lives an ascetic life on Mount Kailash,[3] as well as a householder with wife Parvati and two sons, Ganesha and Kartikeya or as the Cosmic Dancer. In fierce aspects, he is often depicted slaying demons. The most recognizable iconographical attributes of the god are a third eye on his forehead, a snake around his neck, the crescent moon adorning and the river Ganga flowing from his matted hair, the trishula as his weapon and the damaru as his instrument.

HISTORY OF PODIYATTUPARA MAHADEVA TEMPLE

Shiva as we know him today shares features with the Vedic god Rudra. Historians have also suggested that depiction of Shiva existed in pre-Vedic times, but not all historians agree on this.
HISTORY OF PODIYATTUPARA MAHADEVA TEMPLE